Tang So Do is another traditional martial art that emphasizes self-defense. Training is to protect yourself and not be used to hurt others. On that note, Master Joe Fitzgerald shows me some basic self defense techniques that Tang So Do uses in an altercation. Self-defense should be effective and direct without complex movements and be drilled in. Different from sparring, it is conceptual in terms of applications. One can say, “what if they do this?” Then it can be a long discussion of, “well I would do this, that, etc.” In any case, some people don’t want to fight, but I do believe pressure testing is important. There’s more outside of drills and techniques, that’s why I push people to spar to test once they feel confident enough.